The Palestinian mine action center (pmac) was established on 25 March 2012 in accordance with a resolution of Palestinian Minister of Interior who is the head of advisory humanitarian committee for mine action Pmac is the linking entity between the advisory committee, and the organizing institutions..
The advisory committee appointed the Brigadier Sulaiman Omran the head of the center after he was military intelligence director in West bank & Jenin area commander , Bethlehem commander , he started his activities in the center on 25 march 2012 .
The Functions of pmac is to Monitoring and supervising excavation and mine action preparing studies and researches linked to mines in terms of their nature, the place they exist in, any related data, and providing advice for the relative entities.Preparing action plans and monitoring their implementation .
Implementing quality assurance for the specialized technical staff in order to achieve proficiency and competency, and reducing mistakes ,Follow up for the executive projects whether on the local, regional and international level especially the staff of UNMAS , Preparing technical, administrative reports and referring them to the respective parties, Pmac prepared a draft for the strategic plan for pmac and presented it to the advisory committee
On 10 April 2012 under the patronage of the minister of interior Dr. Said Abu Ali there was a ceremony for launching Palestinian project of mine action and opening the pmac in the presence of Maxwel Gelard, UN coordinator for middle east humanitarian affairs and representatives of the donor countries, representative of the department of state Ms. Kemberly Harngton, Steve Robinson UN program coordinator in OPT, Alen Kelly, and members of the advisory committee in addition to pmac staff, and the executive staff was formed ( 36 person) and they made a training of pmac staff in data base systems. Training was done in operation management, information management, surveillance, maps.and Initial surveillance for the fields such as Qabatya- jenin ,Ya’bad- jenin , Araba- jenin , Beit qad – jenin , Al muqata’ – jenin , War Remnants- deir abu d’eif – jenin , Bal’a- Tulkarem , Jen safoot- Qalqilia , Alnabi elyas- Qalqilia.
There are four donor countries (Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Newzeland) offered 4 million dollar to support the Palestinian project for mine action. And UNMAS pledges to do the Providing advice , Providing training for pmac and the executive teams , Preparing necessary data base , Providing required equipment for the executive teams .
The Center scope works through all over west bank it has an advisory committee from which a special committee (awareness and media committee) stems. This committee is headed by ministry of Education and Higher education. UNICEF, Palestinian Red Crescent, civil defense and police take part in this committee.
Information about victims:
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Accidents according to sex and age:
Palestine was contaminated with ordnances and mines chronologically as follows:
– From the Ottoman regime till 1917
– British mandate 1917-1948/ second world war
– Jordanian existence which ended in 1967
– Israeli occupation 1967 till now
The Palestinian territories were classified into 3 areas :
– Area A : included the main cities which constitute 18% of the area of the Palestinian territories in the west bank and due the treaty , this area subject to the responsibility of the Palestinian authority in security and administrative fields . in 2002 Israel overrun the Palestinian territories and returned to control the A areas ,
– Area B : included the Palestinian villages and towns which constitute 21% of the area of the Palestinian territories in the west bank , this area subject to the responsibility of the Palestinian authority in administrative field , and to the Israel responsibility in security field .
– Area C : included the rest of the Palestinian territories in the west bank ( about 61% Palestinian territories in the west bank ) and has the total capabilities and the wealth of the Palestinian people . this area subject to the responsibility of the Israeli government in security and administrative fields .
Due to the absence of a specialized entity for dealing with such cases, they were dealt with as ordinary accident in the governmental hospitals. They were provided with humanitarian aids through the ministry of social affairs. PMAC now deals with the whole information received about previous victims and it coordinates field visits to collect detailed information about each case to help them to obtain their rights and to get idea about ways of providing assistance.
Through meeting with surviving victims, we have noticed obvious dissatisfaction in supporting, rehabilitating and compensating those victims. PMAC studies each case separately and will coordinate with all official and civil organizations to provide suitable assistance for those victims according to the international standards.
We have met 9 victims who survived the accidents
Palestinian National Authority provide the medical and psychological treatment for victims as available but they can’t provide the Prosthetic limbs because they are expensive and they need complicated procedures. This requires help and support from civil international organizations and institutions.
The general policy and the policy of the advisory committee, the strategic plan for the pmac was prepared.
The plan has several sub-plans:
The first plan: information
The information about minefields and suspected devices in addition to information about victims as follows:
– Information resources
– Getting information
– Classifying information
– Information management
– Storing information
The second plan: training
Training the main staff working in the central administration in addition to training executive teams. Training is comprehensive in all issues related to mine action. UNMAS is responsible for this mission
The third plan: survey
After getting information UNMAS team and PMAC team visit the suspected areas to make sure of those information(initial survey) after that there will be a technical and mechanical surveillance by equipments to exactly identify work areas.
Fourth plan: equipments
Choosing and securing the suitable equipments. UNMAS team will help PMAC to choose and fund equipments in addition to training for using them.
Geneva center for Humanitarian actions for mine actions is ready to train for using equipments.
Fifth plan: mine action: clearance
It is the field work to clean lands from mines. It aims at clearing all Palestinian lands from mines. The organization that will be contracted as a partner for PMAC will do this step.
Sixth plan: controlling and Quality Assurance
This means monitoring the work in the field to make sure that work proceed according to the Palestinian standards which cope up with the international standards.
Seventh plan: reporting
Detailed, daily reports are written about the work in the fields in terms of place, team, equipments, and achievements.
PMAC also reports regularly to the advisory committee and it receives advise and guidance from the advisory committee.
Eighth plan: handing over clean lands to the government
After clearance and demining, land becomes totally clear according to quality assurance reports, then a certificate is given. After that clear land is delivered to the government through official documents.
Ninth plan: ceremony
After demining the last mine from the Palestinian land, there will be preparation for celebration with partners (donors, implementers, supporters and others) to celebrate this event.
pmac will outreach through implementing awareness plan which was prepared by awareness and media plan, which is sub-committee of the advisory committee, UNICEF will take part in the work of awareness and media committee.
Pmac will conduct necessary studies and research regarding victims, coordination with all institutions and official and civil organizations to provide all kinds of support for victims.